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      VOA慢速英語視頻:News Literacy Lesson 5: Quality of News Reports
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      VOA慢速英語視頻:News Literacy Lesson 5: Quality of News Reports

      News Literacy Lesson 5: Quality of News Reports

      新聞素養第五課:新聞報道的質量

      In this lesson, we present seven steps to help you judge the quality of news reporting:

      在本課程中,我們將介紹七個步驟來幫助您判斷新聞報道的質量:

      Step One: Main Points

      第一步:要點

      Be able to recognize and re-state the main points of the story. An intelligent news consumer asks: What are the facts and how are they presented?

      能夠識別并再述新聞的要點。一位聰明的新聞消費者問:事實是什么?它們是如何呈現的?

      Step Two: Evidence

      第二步:證據

      Examine the evidence. How has the reporter confirmed the evidence? Is there video you can trust? Is there a paper trail -- documents to prove what happened?

      核實證據。記者是如何證實證據的?有可以信任的視頻嗎?有書面證據證明發生了什么嗎?

      Step Three: Sources

      第三步:來源

      Consider the sources of the story. Are they named or not identified in the story?

      考慮一下新聞的來源,他們在故事中是被指定的還是沒有被識別出來的?

      Step Four: Openness

      第四步:開放

      What is the transparency level -- the level of openness -- in the news organization? Where did they get their information?

      新聞機構的透明度-開放程度是多少?他們是從哪里得到信息的?

      Step Five: Knowledge of Subject

      第五步:主題知識

      Is there something to provide context, such as background information or history? Does the reporter have a command of the subject of the report?

      是否有什么可以提供上下文信息,例如背景信息或歷史?記者對報道的主題有掌握嗎?

      Step Six: The Five “W”s

      第六步:五個“W”

      Are important pieces of information missing? Does the report answer the questions: what happened? Where, when and why did it happen? Who was involved?

      重要的信息丟失了嗎?報告是否回答了以下問題:發生了什么?在哪里、何時以及為什么會發生這種情況?誰被牽扯進來了?

      Step Seven: Self Examination

      第七步:自我檢查

      Are you open to fairness? As a news consumer, you must know yourself. Do you have opinions or beliefs that could influence your judgment?

      你愿意接受公平嗎?作為一個新聞消費者,你必須了解自己。你是否有可能影響你判斷力的觀點或信念?

      Perhaps step seven is the most important of the seven steps. Ask yourself: Are you more likely to believe a story if it confirms your pre-existing beliefs? That is called confirmation bias. Confirmation bias is a sort of blindness that leads news consumers to seek out information they WANT to be true. A smart news consumer seeks out information from multiple sources, weighing the reputation of each source, and comparing their coverage.

      或許第七步是最重要的。捫心自問:如果一個故事證實了你原有的信念,你更有可能相信它嗎?這叫做確認偏差。確認偏差是一種盲目性,導致新聞消費者尋找他們想要的真實信息。聰明的新聞消費者從多個來源尋找信息,衡量每個消息來源的可信度,并比較它們的報道。

      Using these seven steps, a reader or listener can decide the quality and truthfulness of news reports.

      通過這七個步驟,讀者或聽眾可以決定新聞報道的質量和真實性。

      In our final lesson, we will consider journalistic responsibility in the age of social media.

      在我們的最后一課,我們將考慮新聞在社會媒體時代的責任。

       

      Words in This Story

      consumer -- n. one who buys or uses a product

      transparency - n. the quality that makes it possible to see through something

      context - n. the situation in which something happens : the group of conditions that exist where and when something happens

      bias - n. a tendency to believe that some people, ideas, etc., are better than others that usually results in treating some people unfairly

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