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    2. VOA英語學習網 > 科學美國人 > 2019年科學美國人 > 科學美國人60秒科學系列 >
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      科學美國人60秒: 有魅力的年輕女性可能有公正的優勢

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      中英對照 聽力原文

      Attractive Young Females May Have Justice Edge

      Eight years ago, the jury in the trial of Casey Anthony announced their verdict. "As to the charge of first-degree murder, verdict as to count one, we the jury find the defendant not guilty."

      Anthony had been charged with murdering her two-year-old daughter. But like the murder charge, the jury's decision for additional charges of aggravated child abuse and aggravated manslaughter were again "not guilty."

      "That caused this huge outcry." Christopher Ferguson, a clinical psychologist at Stetson University in central Florida, not far from where the trial occurred. "There was this narrative that she got preferential treatment, maybe not on purpose, but that the jury was sympathetic to her because she was this pretty young female and that kind of conflicted with people's impression of who a murderer is."

      Mock trial studies have suggested that attractive people have an edge in the criminal justice system. So Ferguson and his colleagues looked into that stereotype using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, the largest long-term study of people who began participating in the study as teens.

      The interviewers asked the youths a multitude of questions—and also rated the respondents' degree of attractiveness, a measure that's been used to examine links to health and wealth.

      In this case, Ferguson and his team looked at a subset of nearly 8,800 respondents and examined the correlation between attractiveness and arrest, conviction and sentencing. After controlling for things like gender, race and socioeconomic status, they found that attractiveness didhave a protective effect—but only for females.

      "Girls or women who are more attractive were less likely to be arrested if they'd committed a crime and less likely to be convicted if they were arrested for that crime. However, it did not have any impact on their sentencing. So once they were convicted, attractiveness conveyed no further benefits." The results are in the journal Psychiatry, Psychology and Law.

      It's just a correlation, of course, and there are limitations. The attractiveness ratings were an average of four different interviewers' assessments, made over a dozen years. But beauty, as they say, is in the eyes of the beholder. And the effects weren't huge. Still, Ferguson says, "being alert to our stereotypes and prejudices sometimes can help us combat them a little bit"—and perhaps get us closer to the ideal that justice should be blind.

      Attractive Young Females May Have Justice Edge

      有魅力的年輕女性可能有公正的優勢

      Eight years ago, the jury in the trial of Casey Anthony announced their verdict. "As to the charge of first-degree murder, verdict as to count one, we the jury find the defendant not guilty."

      八年前,審判凱西•安東尼的陪審團宣布了他們的判決。“對于一級謀殺的指控,我們陪審團認為被告無罪。”

      Anthony had been charged with murdering her two-year-old daughter. But like the murder charge, the jury's decision for additional charges of aggravated child abuse and aggravated manslaughter were again "not guilty."

      安東尼被控謀殺她兩歲的女兒。但是,與謀殺指控一樣,陪審團對加重虐待兒童和加重過失殺人罪的附加指控的裁決再次“無罪”。

      "That caused this huge outcry." Christopher Ferguson, a clinical psychologist at Stetson University in central Florida, not far from where the trial occurred. "There was this narrative that she got preferential treatment, maybe not on purpose, but that the jury was sympathetic to her because she was this pretty young female and that kind of conflicted with people's impression of who a murderer is."

      “這引起了巨大的抗議。”弗羅里達中部斯泰森大學的臨床心理學家克里斯托弗·弗格森說道。“有一種說法是,她得到了優待,也許不是故意的,但陪審團同情她,因為她是這么年輕漂亮的女性,這與人們對誰是兇手的印象有些矛盾。”

      Mock trial studies have suggested that attractive people have an edge in the criminal justice system. So Ferguson and his colleagues looked into that stereotype using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, the largest long-term study of people who began participating in the study as teens.

      模擬審判研究表明,有魅力的人在刑事司法體系中具有優勢。所以Ferguson和他的同事們利用國家青少年到成人健康縱向研究的數據來研究這種刻板印象,這是對從青少年時期就開始參與這項研究的人進行的最大的長期研究。

      The interviewers asked the youths a multitude of questions—and also rated the respondents' degree of attractiveness, a measure that's been used to examine links to health and wealth.

      調查人員向這些年輕人提出了一系列問題,并對他們的吸引力程度進行了評分

      In this case, Ferguson and his team looked at a subset of nearly 8,800 respondents and examined the correlation between attractiveness and arrest, conviction and sentencing. After controlling for things like gender, race and socioeconomic status, they found that attractiveness didhave a protective effect—but only for females.

      在這個案例中,弗格森和他的團隊調查了近8800名受訪者,研究了吸引力與被捕、定罪和判刑之間的關系。在對性別、種族和社會經濟地位等因素進行控制后,他們發現吸引力確實具有保護作用——但只對女性有效。

      "Girls or women who are more attractive were less likely to be arrested if they'd committed a crime and less likely to be convicted if they were arrested for that crime. However, it did not have any impact on their sentencing. So once they were convicted, attractiveness conveyed no further benefits." The results are in the journal Psychiatry, Psychology and Law.

      “更有魅力的女孩或女性犯罪時被捕的可能性更小,而因犯罪被捕時被定罪的可能性也更小。”然而,這對他們的判決沒有任何影響。因此,一旦他們被定罪,外表吸引力就不會帶來進一步的好處。”研究結果發表在《精神病學、心理學和法律》雜志上。

      It's just a correlation, of course, and there are limitations. The attractiveness ratings were an average of four different interviewers' assessments, made over a dozen years. But beauty, as they say, is in the eyes of the beholder. And the effects weren't huge. Still, Ferguson says, "being alert to our stereotypes and prejudices sometimes can help us combat them a little bit"—and perhaps get us closer to the ideal that justice should be blind.

      當然,這只是一種相關性,也有局限性。這些吸引力評分是在十多年的時間里,由四種不同的面試官評估得出的。但是,正如人們所說,美存在于觀者的眼中。而且影響并不大。盡管如此,弗格森說,“對我們的刻板印象和偏見保持警惕,有時可以幫助我們稍微克服一點”——或許還能讓我們更接近正義應該是盲目的這一理想。聽力原文


      內容來自 VOA英語學習網http://www.fb881.com/show-8762-241788-1.html
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