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      中英對照 聽力原文

      Old Electric Car Batteries Used to Power Football Stadiums

      電動汽車廢舊電池被用來給足球場供電

      Electric vehicles currently make up a small percentage of overall car sales worldwide. But 2018 saw a big jump in international sales. And the market is expected to grow quickly in coming years.

      目前,電動汽車占全球整體汽車銷量的一小部分。但2018年國際銷售量大幅增長。預計未來幾年市場將快速增長。

      JATO Dynamics researches cars and other vehicles. The company reported electric car sales rose by 74 percent in 2018. More than a million and a quarter electric cars were sold. Put another way, the company said electric car sales represented about 1.5 percent of total vehicle sales around the world. 

      JATO Dynamics研究汽車和其他交通工具。這家公司報告稱2018年電動汽車銷售量上升了74%。銷售了超過125萬輛電動汽車。換句話說,這家公司表示電動汽車銷售占全球汽車總銷量的1.5%左右。

      Each of these electric vehicles will require a battery to power it – sometimes more than one. Electric car batteries become less effective over time and need to be replaced. Currently, most major auto manufacturers guarantee good battery performance for only about eight years.

      這些電動汽車中每一輛都需要一塊電池來為其供電,有時需要不止一塊。電動汽車電池經過一段時間之后會變得低效,需要更換成新的。目前,大多數大型汽車制造商保證電池僅能保持八年左右的良好性能。

      So, one American company has found an unusual way to reuse the batteries that electric vehicles are no longer using. The company, called Eaton, is a large supplier of truck parts and industrial products to businesses all over the world.

      因此,一家美國公司發現了一種不同尋常的方法來再次利用電動汽車不再使用的電池。這家名為伊頓的公司是向世界各地企業提供卡車零部件和工業產品的大型供應商。

      Eaton is also an energy storage company. It takes aging batteries – which it calls “second-life batteries” - from Nissan’s electric Leaf vehicles. The company then reuses them with its xStorage product, which stores power in buildings.

      伊頓也是一家儲能公司。它從日產公司的電動Leaf汽車回收老化電池,也稱“二手電池”。然后伊頓公司將這些電池與它的xStorage產品結合起來進行再利用來為建筑物儲存電力。

      An official with Eaton recently told Reuters news agency the company is now in talks with several European football teams.

      伊頓的一位職員近期告訴路透社通訊社,這家公司現在正在與幾個歐洲足球隊商談。

      They are discussing using electric batteries to help power their stadiums. Eaton has already equipped a major stadium in the Netherlands with such a system. The project was completed at Johan Cruyff Arena in Amsterdam. The stadium holds about 54,000 people and is home to the country’s Ajax football team, one of Europe’s best known. It also holds large concerts and other major events.

      他們正在討論使用電動電池來給他們的運動場供電。伊頓公司已經給荷蘭的一個大型體育場安裝上了這樣的系統。阿姆斯特丹的約翰·克魯伊夫競技場已經完成了這個項目。這個體育場能容下約5萬4000人。它是歐洲最著名球隊之一荷蘭阿賈克斯足球隊的訓練基地。它也舉辦了很多大型音樂會和其他大型活動。

      The company also recently completed an energy storage system at Norway’s Bislett stadium in Oslo. This stadium is partly powered by solar energy.

      這家公司近期也在挪威奧斯陸的Bislett體育場完成了一個能量儲蓄系統。這個體育場一部分由太陽能供電。

      “The football stadium community is interested,” Eaton vice president Craig McDonnell told Reuters. "From significant ones, (we are talking) with five to six stadiums in Europe,” he said.

      “這個足球運動場團體對此很感興趣,”伊頓公司的副主席克雷格·麥克唐納告訴路透社通訊社。“從重要的幾個運動場中選擇,我們正在和歐洲的五到六個體育場談判,”他表示。

      Eaton said its xStorage solution costs 20 percent less than a new battery. The storage system at Johan Cruyff Arena can produce a total of 3 megawatts. The company says that is enough to power several thousand homes. The system stores power gathered from 4,200 solar collectors on top of the stadium, Eaton says.

      伊頓公司表示xStorage這種解決方案的成本比一個新電池要少20%。這種約翰·克魯伊夫競技場的儲能系統總共能產生3兆瓦的電量。該公司表示這足以為數千戶家庭供電。伊頓公司表示這個系統儲存的能量從4200個太陽能收集器獲得,這些收集器安在體育場的頂端。

      The system is designed to provide back-up power to reduce the need for diesel generators, which produce pollution. It also boosts the energy system during times of high energy usage, such as during concerts. Eaton says the storage system results in a more sustainable energy method, while also creating “a circular economy for electric vehicle batteries.”

      這個系統旨在提供后備電力從而減少對可產生污染的柴油發電機的需求。 在高能量消耗期間例如演唱會期間它也能增強能量系統。伊頓公司表示儲能系統可以成為一種更加可持續發展能源方法。同時也可以為電動汽車電池創造一個更循環經濟。

      Eaton is one of several major companies attempting to develop large markets for old electric vehicle batteries. Another is German automaker BMW. It has supplied used batteries from its i3 electric vehicles to store electricity produced by wind farms.

      伊頓公司是試圖為電動汽車廢舊電池發展大型市場的幾家大型公司之一。另外一家公司為德國汽車制造商寶馬汽車公司。它也提供了從13臺電動汽車中獲得的電池為風場儲存產生的電。

      Eaton says it expects the used battery market to grow up to 20 times by 2022. In Europe, the Middle East and Africa, it estimates the possible market value could reach $2.3 billion by 2025.

      伊頓公司表示它期望廢舊電池市場到2020年能夠發展到現在的20倍。它估計在歐洲、中東和非洲的市場價值到2025年可能達到23億美元。

      I’m Bryan Lynn.

      布賴恩·林恩為您報道。

      Old Electric Car Batteries Used to Power Football Stadiums

      Electric vehicles currently make up a small percentage of overall car sales worldwide. But 2018 saw a big jump in international sales. And the market is expected to grow quickly in coming years.

      JATO Dynamics researches cars and other vehicles. The company reported electric car sales rose by 74 percent in 2018. More than a million and a quarter electric cars were sold. Put another way, the company said electric car sales represented about 1.5 percent of total vehicle sales around the world. 

      Each of these electric vehicles will require a battery to power it – sometimes more than one. Electric car batteries become less effective over time and need to be replaced. Currently, most major auto manufacturers guarantee good battery performance for only about eight years.

      So, one American company has found an unusual way to reuse the batteries that electric vehicles are no longer using. The company, called Eaton, is a large supplier of truck parts and industrial products to businesses all over the world.

      Eaton is also an energy storage company. It takes aging batteries – which it calls “second-life batteries” - from Nissan’s electric Leaf vehicles. The company then reuses them with its xStorage product, which stores power in buildings.

      An official with Eaton recently told Reuters news agency the company is now in talks with several European football teams.

      They are discussing using electric batteries to help power their stadiums. Eaton has already equipped a major stadium in the Netherlands with such a system. The project was completed at Johan Cruyff Arena in Amsterdam. The stadium holds about 54,000 people and is home to the country’s Ajax football team, one of Europe’s best known. It also holds large concerts and other major events.

      The company also recently completed an energy storage system at Norway’s Bislett stadium in Oslo. This stadium is partly powered by solar energy.

      “The football stadium community is interested,” Eaton vice president Craig McDonnell told Reuters. "From significant ones, (we are talking) with five to six stadiums in Europe,” he said.

      Eaton said its xStorage solution costs 20 percent less than a new battery. The storage system at Johan Cruyff Arena can produce a total of 3 megawatts. The company says that is enough to power several thousand homes. The system stores power gathered from 4,200 solar collectors on top of the stadium, Eaton says.

      The system is designed to provide back-up power to reduce the need for diesel generators, which produce pollution. It also boosts the energy system during times of high energy usage, such as during concerts. Eaton says the storage system results in a more sustainable energy method, while also creating “a circular economy for electric vehicle batteries.”

      Eaton is one of several major companies attempting to develop large markets for old electric vehicle batteries. Another is German automaker BMW. It has supplied used batteries from its i3 electric vehicles to store electricity produced by wind farms.

      Eaton says it expects the used battery market to grow up to 20 times by 2022. In Europe, the Middle East and Africa, it estimates the possible market value could reach $2.3 billion by 2025.

      I’m Bryan Lynn.

      _____________________________________________________________

      Words in This Story

      battery– n. device that produces and can store electricity

      stadium – n. a large, open area with seats around it where sports games and other events take place

      significant – adj. important or noticeable

      sustainable – adj. able to be used without being completely used up or destroyed


      內容來自 VOA英語學習網http://www.fb881.com/show-8745-241759-1.html
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